Cardiopulmonary exercise testing measures the physiological response to a session of progressive exercise. An appropriate response requires the cardiovascular, skeletal muscle and pulmonary functions to all work correctly. In patients with heart failure or other cardiac conditions, these systems perform inadequately. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing provides important information about the patient and has several advantages including the following:
Testing Is Noninvasive
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing uses monitoring equipment to measure key variables, including ventilator efficiency and peak oxygen consumption, during increasingly difficult aerobic exercise. These noninvasive tests are readily available and complement other tools such as imaging studies.
Tests Measure Integrative Response
Testing quantifies the severity of the disease by measuring the integrated function of the cardiovascular, pulmonary and skeletal muscle systems, rather than the function of individual organs. Integrated function provides information about additional comorbidities and the various components of aerobic capacity, from which doctors can predict a patient’s outcome.
Data Can Be Used in Many Ways
From test results, a doctor can generate an exercise prescription for the patient. Studies show that aerobic exercise is an appropriate intervention in heart disease and improves the quality of life. Ongoing testing can determine if treatments are effective. Testing can also assess the need for a transplant.
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing results give doctors a better view of a patient’s physiological systems and allows for individualized treatment and better care of the patient. To learn more about the advantages of cardiopulmonary exercise tests, contact Onslow Medical Specialties Clinic.